Road Safety in China: two cities, Dalian and Suzhou, tackle the problem

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    road_safety(1).jpgIn 2012 and 2013, RS10 will work in two cities in China – Dalian and Suzhou – to reduce road traffic injuries and fatalities, increase the enforcement of existing laws and advocate for stronger legislation on both drink–driving and speeding.
    Assessing the impact of electric bikes or E-bikes will also be undertaken.

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    In May 2011, as part of activities to recognize the beginning of the Decade of Action for Road Safety, the Chinese government passed a new law criminalizing drink–driving. In Dalian,the local government has changedspeeding regulations related to penalties and are currently amending their insurance laws. Suzhou will develop appropriate laws for E-bikes as currently none exist.

    Social marketing efforts, coupled with demonstrated impact through better enforcement, has led the government to invest nearly 2.2 million RMB (US$ 350 000) to support future activities.

     

    Safe Roads in a Changing China

    In today’s China, where urbanization  and rates of vehicle ownership continue  to rise dramatically, hundreds of thou - sands of people lose their lives each  year due to road traffic crashes. Injuries  to drivers, passengers and pedestri - ans remain the leading causes of death  for people between 14 and 44 years of  age. In rural areas, riders of motorbikes  and bicycles also find themselves at risk  of injury and death on unsafe road - ways. The growth in the use of E-bikes  is an emerging road safety issue.  Road safety throughout China will  involve a systematic approach involving  all relevant factors – the environment,  the vehicle, and the users. Focusing on  the user – significant improvements will  be gained by increasing public aware - ness of risks, advocating for appro - priate legislation and supporting local  efforts to better enforce existing laws.  RS10 will work to make the roads safer  for users in two cities by supporting  these aspects of road safety.

    RS10 IN TWO GROWING CITIES:

    In China, RS10 is focusing its 2012 and  2013 efforts on making a difference  in  Dalian , which has more than 6  million people, and  Suzhou , which  has more than 10 million people.

    RS10 CHINA’S GOAL

    The goal of RS10 in China during  2012–13 is to reduce travel speeds  and drink–driving through targeted  enforcement, increased penalties,  and public awareness and improve  the laws that save lives and  protect vulnerable road users. 

     

    The approach

     

    • Enhanced enforcement of existing laws through the provisions of appropriate equipment and training.
    • Increased awareness of risk factors among target populations through social marketing activities.
    • Developed new laws to protect E-bike users.
    • Monitor and evaluate the impact of interventions  in comparison to baseline assessments.

      

    Reduce speeding through:

     

    • purchasing and deploying additional  speed cameras in Dalian;
    • improving routine enforcement skills and provide train-the-trainer programs on road safety risk factors; and,
    • conducting and reporting on roadside observations and surveys on speeding.
    • hosting advocacy events with local nongovernmental organizations;
    • assessing the problem of E-bikes and speed through:
    • collection of hospital-based data and police data; and
    • the development of appropriate legislation to address the issue