Four challenges to address: a great opportunity!
Road mobility is one of the major factors of economic and social development. In the thirty years to come it will undergo the greatest evolution since its very beginnings at the end of the 19th century and its incredible growth in the second half of the 20th century. The world is entering a new era, one that is uncertain but full of promise.
Today three main trends are playing out that make this mutation inevitable:
Firstly demographic growth and unbridled urbanization, thenintensive exploitation of the limited fossil energy resources and lastly the impact of human activities on the ecosystems and the atmosphere.
The global population has doubled in the last 40 years, going from 3 to 6 billion people. We have just passed the 7 billion mark and by 2050 we could be 9 billion on our planet Earth! Population and economic growth drive a growing demand for energy. The transport sector is directly concerned.
For how long can oil production continue to fuel this growth, even with the advent of non-conventional energies? At what economic cost? At what environmental cost? Road transport also has a role to play in reducing CO2 emissions and greenhouse gases, which contribute to global warming. The general consensus to limit the average temperature rise, at the surface of the Earth, to 2°C compared with 2005 quite obviously implies a largely decarbonized mobility.
In addition, the global population is increasingly concentrated in vast agglomerations and today, more than half the world’s population is urban. Urban mobility is seriously hampered by traffic congestion and unwanted polluting emissions. On the other hand, can we remain impassive to the world’s unacceptable tally of over a million killed and 50 million injured every year on the world’s roads.
Therefore, sustainable road mobility must address four major challenges which are energy, climate, urbanization and road safety. We have solutions to achieve this.
|Road safety||Connected mobility||Mobility & society|
|1.1 - Four challenges to address: a great opportunity!|
|1.2 - Vehicle Energy Consumption|
|1.2.1 - Reducing the weight of vehicles||4.2 - Usership or ownership|
|1.2.2 - Improving aerodynamics|
|1.2.3 - Reducing internal friction|
|1.2.4 - Low energy consumption tires|
|1.2.5 - Improving traffic flow|
|1.3 - Thermal engines, fuels and emissions|
|1.3.1 - Improving the output of combustion engines|
|1.3.2 - Conventional Fuels|
|1.3.3 - Alternative Fuels|
|1.3.4 - Fuels and emissions|
|1.3.5 - Reducing Emissions|
|4.5.3 - Intermodality: an efficient and legible offer|
|1.4 - Electric Motorizations|
|4.6 - Last mile delivery, a triple challenge|
|4.6.2 - Innovative solutions for a fluid last mile|
|1.4.4 - Electricity and Hydrogen production|
|1.9 - Carbon economy, monetization of externalities|
|1.13 - Legislations, incentives and standards|